An essential step in applying for a patent is preparing a patent application, also termed as a patent specification. The process of preparing a patent application is termed as patent drafting.
A patent specification is a techno-legal document, preparation of which requires deep knowledge of the invention’s underlying technology as well as legal procedure and statutes of relevant jurisdictions in which the patent application will be filed. Typically, it contains parts such as an abstract, one or more claims, a background, a detailed description and drawing, and a summary.
Two types of patent applications are used in patenting process. A provisional application is made when an inventor is ready with sufficient details of the core idea upon which he/she wants protection but feels can add/improve upon it with further research. At this stage a provisional application can be filed that secures a ‘priority date’ for the application (and the underlying core idea) over any other application which is likely to be filed in respect of the same invention being developed concurrently, or later. A provisional specification need not carry ‘claims’ of the application. The claims are the most important part of an application and define, in technical terms, the scope of protection sought in the patent application. They serve to warn others of what they must not do if they are to avoid infringement liability. The claims are of the utmost importance both during prosecution and litigation alike. Within 12 months of filing the provisional application, a complete specification including the claims as elaborated above has to be filed. The complete specification fully and particularly describes the invention and discloses the best method of performing the invention, and has to be within boundaries set by the provisional application. Of course, an inventor can directly proceed to filing a complete specification.
As is apparent from above, writing a high quality patent specification – whether provisional or complete – is very important. The complete specification is a document that is published in public domain (website, nowadays) of concerned Patent Authority ( for instance, Indian Patent Office website) and is the ‘go-to’ document that is read by all people who at any time may have an interest in the technology and the invention described therein. Even if patent application does not get converted into a patent, it stands as prior art for all times in the future.
We have a very strong patent drafting team with complete in-house capability in all domains. Our patent professionals in the drafting team have deep domain knowledge backed by that of patenting laws and their nuances. Every application goes through a stringent peer-review process before it is filed, and we can say with pride that all applications filed by us are of top notch quality in all patent drafting aspects.